Kidneys clean the blood by removing waste materials and excess fluid from the body. A functional failure in this organ causes the buildup of toxins in the body and may cause blood pressure to rise. Due to improper functioning or failure of this organ, the body cannot excrete excess fluid and is unable to make sufficient red blood cells.
Chronic renal disease can cause kidney failure. Chronic failure of the kidneys is also called end-stage renal disease. In this disease, the kidneys lose the ability to filter waste from blood and convert it into urine. Failure of the kidneys to filter the blood can cause severe problem and needs emergency treatment. A transplant is the final cure for end-stage renal disease.
Treatment Options for Renal Disease
Kidney disease can be treated using dialysis or by a transplant. Chronic kidney failure is treated using kidney transplant while dialysis can treat acute renal failure. Dialysis can be either hemodialyisis or peritoneal dialysis. Another option of treating failure of kidney is conservative care. A kidney transplant is done by taking a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor.
The patient may choose a transplant, dialysis, or conservative care as the treatment option on medical advice. Patients should seek guidance from their doctor, nurse, or from people who have undergone any kidney disease treatment or transplant before choosing a treatment method. A transplanted organ can improve overall health apart from treating chronic failure of the kidneys.
When Is a Transplant Required?
In the case of chronic disease, functioning may deteriorate over years. Due to this chronic condition, end-stage renal failure arises with only about 20 percent renal functioning. This stage requires a transplant. If the failure of kidneys reaches the chronic stage, a transplant can resolve the life-threatening complications. However, this process is just a treatment option, not a cure. Moreover, a transplant is not suitable for everyone and can depend upon a number of factors. A transplant also requires lifelong care and management.
Some factors that determine whether a transplant is advisable are listed below:
- Patient’s physical health
- Patient’s willingness to take lifelong medication
- Patient’s willingness to take tests and undergo the operation procedure
- Patient’s acceptance for a transplant
This surgery may not be safe or effective for patients with heavy infection or those suffering from diseases such as heart failure, AIDS, cancer, or liver failure. However, AIDS patients can get a transplant if they are taking proper medication.
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